My Skincare Routine | Why Skincare Is Essential
Hi loves, today I’m going to discuss something that is of MAJOR importance to me, skincare. It is understandable that some people may be a little sceptical of parts of skincare regimes (or may not have a skincare routine in order), but skincare is very important. Skincare is one of the reasons I wanted to start blogging. I see it as a vital part of my day and I honestly don’t know how some can go without it!
This post will focus on the main steps which should be included in a skincare routines, examples of products you could be using, and the products I personally use in my routine. I will first discuss each step you should have in your routine, morning and night with examples of products and the benefit each product gives you.
My skin type is normal to dry, depending on season, and have recently starting getting acne on my chin (due to hormone imbalance which came about around 18 months ago). The main skin concerns I have are moisture (hydration at times) and dark pigmentation on my chin.
It should be noted that if you do not have a skincare routine at the moment, it is best to start with one step at a time and do not overload your skin with too many products at once. If this happens, then you may irritate your skin and may not know the cause of it.
DISCLAIMER: By no means do I claim to have perfect skin, if anything over the last 18 months my skin has been the worst in my life. Though, it should be remembered, the reason for skincare is to improve upon and help heal the skin. I am not a dermatologist, though I have a passion for skincare, and believe I have a good amount of knowledge on the subject.
Please do not take everything I say as gospel truth, you should know your skin and your limits. Also, some steps are better suited to some skin types. It will be mentioned when it is best for certain skin types to skip a step or to take extra notice of one. I really hope this helps improve your skincare routine and may lead you to products you learn to love.
HOW YOUR DAILY SKINCARE ROUTINE SHOULD LOOK…
Step 1: Cleanse. This can be done with product or with water. If using a cleanser, try finding one that is light, such as a gel cleanser. Try to avoid using micro beads in cleansers as they can tear pores and can harm your skin in the long run.
Step 2: Tone. For toner, you can go with something that is floral, such as rose water or a more high end toner. The main use of a toner is to BALANCE pH levels. So I advice looking for something that does just that.
Another form of toner often used is an acid toner. In the morning it may be best to use an AHA acid. AHA is a chemical exfoliator, which is used as it works on the surface of the skin and helps break apart dead skin cells. This is beneficial as it helps prevent breakouts, smooths fine lines/wrinkles and again balances pH level. The best and most effective AHA acids contain Glycolic or Lactic acid. It will usually take 1-2 months to see full results of AHA.
IF USING AHA, YOU MUST ALLOW THIS STEP TO SOAK INTO SKIN BEFORE MOVING ON!
Step 3: Treatment. Now this is where skincare becomes specific, as everyone has different skin concerns you need specific products targeted to that area of concern. For individuals who have pigmentation (like myself) you can use something rich in ant-oxidants, or a vitamin C derived product. Those who have problems with dryness can use a hydrating serum or oil which will provide that extra moisture you are lacking.
Step 4: Moisturise. This is the most simple step in the routine. The role of a moisturiser is to ensure all previous products get fully absorbed into the skin, and add an extra layer of moisture. If you have oily skin, you should try using a lightweight moisturiser, such as a gel based formula. Those with dry skin should lean towards a creamy, but not thick, moisturiser. As, you are using it in the morning, try going for a product with SPF.
Step 5: Sunscreen (ONLY IF YOUR MOISTURISER DOES NOT CONTAIN SPF!)
Step 1: First Cleanse. This step is to remove makeup, dirt or oil which has built up over the day. Products which are usually used for this are micellar water or makeup remover wipes. Although, some use oil-based products such as cleansing balms or the likes of coconut oil to remove makeup and dirt. Those with oily skin can still use oil to remove makeup and it does not make skin more oily, as you will be using a cleanser after this step.
It is so crucial to do this step separate from an actual cleanser as it ensures that the cleanser can get into skin properly and clean the skin as needed. If not, then all a cleanser will be doing is removing the first layer and you skin may still have oil/dirt/makeup trapped in pores, which is being left overnight.
Step 2: Second Cleanse. Now this is where you are REALLY cleaning the skin (washing, with water!). As said for the morning cleanse, depending on your skin you should use a cleanser that is suitable. Those with oily skin should ensure they are using something which is oil-free. For dry skin, try using something which is not too heavy, as it can dry skin out more.
Step 3: Acid Tone. Here you can use either AHA or BHA acids. I have outlined what AHA are and what they do, so now I will explain BHA’s. BHA are much more deep cleaning than AHA, and go deep into the pores and clean them out from the inside out. It is normal to notice breaking out when starting to use BHA as it is getting rid of excess oil and ensuring pores are clean.
If you have sensitive skin, I do not know if a BHA acid is a good idea, as it can be quite vigorous and definitely should not be used daily. Even if you do not have sensitive skin, you should not be using this regularly, 1-2 times per week is enough. It is extremely invasive and can cause irritation.
YOU MUST ALLOW THIS STEP TO SOAK INTO SKIN BEFORE MOVING ON!
Step 4: Water Tone (Optional). This can be any kind of water toner: rose water, toners with cucumber etc., it really doesn’t matter. It is not an essential step, though allows products after this step to be absorbed better into pores.
Step 5: Treatment. I currently do not use a treatment, as I use an oil which has extra benefits of a treatment. Though, I am considering trying Sunday Riley ‘Luna’ in the near future, which contains a specially formuated type of retinol. Retinol is amazing for overall appearance of the skin! It helps improve texture, pigmentation, . However, extensive use of retinol can be harsh on skin. This specially formulated ‘retinol ester’ Sunday Riley produced is designed to cause no irritation or flaking of skin (that traditional retinol is associated with). My mum uses this and it has improved her skin greatly and I would love to try it, though it is rather expensive.
Though, retinol is not the only option for you to use as a treatment. It is totally dependent on your skin needs.
Step 6: Oil (Optional). An oil can be used as an extra measure of moisture and an extra dose of added benefit. There are so many different facial oils out there that have many different benefits to skin. Dependent on your skin type there are many oils out there that are good for you. Oily skin can still use oil if it is lightweight and absorbs well.
Step 7: Moisturise. The final step in this routine is to add moisture and keep all the products well in the skin. A product which is quite creamy and thick is more beneficial for those with dry skin.
MY DAILY ROUTINE IS AS FOLLOWS
Step 1: Cleanse. I tend to wash my face with just warm water in the morning (my skin can dry up if I use a cleanser).
Step 2: Tone. My toner of choice is Organic Rose Water (£13 on Amazon). I especially like rose water, as if used in it’s purest form it does balance pH levels. Rose has benefits for all skin types, which makes it a great choice for anyone. It has anti-inflammatory properties, helping sooth skin, controls excess oil production. Added hydration is an extra bonus for those with dry skin. Also, rose water has antioxidant properties – thus strengthening cells. These are just some of the benefits of rose water.
Step 3: Treatment. Dependent on whether I am in a rush or not, I don’t always do this step. Personally, I use the Farsali ‘Unicorn Essence’ (around £34) as my morning treatment. I only do this if I do not use it as a primer – post moisturiser. This is very beneficial to skin as it is oil-free and contains acai berry, goji berry, elderberry & blueberry. I have a full review on this on a previous post, here.
Step 4: Moisturise. My favourite daytime moisturiser is Dr Organic Aloe Vera cream (£8, Holland & Barrett). Containing SPF 30, it is a rich moisturiser which is soothing and helps with skin irritations and blemishes.
Step 1: First Cleanse. My preference of makeup removal is coconut oil. I like using oil as it helps melt my makeup instantly and ensures my dry areas are well moisturised as well as having anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. I rub the oil all over face, ensuring everything has melted and then wipe it off with a cotton pad before moving on to the next stage in the routine.
Step 2: Second Cleanse. For cleansing my face, I use Dr Bronner’s mild castile soap (£9, Holland & Barrett). This MUST be diluted in water before use. It can be used as a face wash, body wash, shampoo, soap, dish cleaner, it is completely versatile. I use it as a face cleanser only. It ensures my skin is 100% clean without any harsh chemicals. As it comes in a huge bottle and get diluted, it has lasted me 6 months already and I haven’t reached half way yet. I prefer to use this with a cleansing face brush Spin for Perfect Skin (£100/£30 when discount code BIRDY used, Vanity Planet). This is because it helps penetrate deep into pores to clean them out.
Step 3: Acid Tone. For acid toner, I prefer to use AHA acid. The one I like is Sunday Riley ‘Good Genes‘ (£85, Space NK). This contains lactic acid so aids to exfoliate; removing dead skin cells, and reveals smooth, fresh radiant skin. It is named ‘Good Genes’ as it claims to give you amazing skin which looks like you have amazing genes and great skin naturally.
Step 4: Water Tone. Organic Rose Water (£13 on Amazon) as stated in the morning routine.
Step 5: Treatment. As stated before, I currently use an oil which is part treatment too – however am considering buying Sunday Riley ‘Luna’ (£85, Space NK).
Step 6: Oil (Optional) Farsali Rose Gold Elixer (around £34). This is a great option for pigmentation and dark marks on skin. Again I have done an in-depth review of this and the ‘Unicorn Essence’, here.
Step 7: Moisturise. Dr Organic Manuka Honey Cream (£9.50, Holland & Barrett). I first purchased this as I was experiencing some form of dermatitis on my eyelids, the steroid cream my doctor prescribed could not be used on the lid. The only place I thought would have something I was looking for was Holland & Barrett, and the staff recommended this. It helped heal the dermatitis within 24 hours and has prevented dry skin on my face since. I swear by this cream and I don’t think I would ever change from it.
I hope you enjoyed this overlook of my skincare routine. There will be a lot more in-depth posts on skincare on the blog following this, as skincare is a great passion of mine. If you have tried any of these products or have any questions or concerns, leave a comment below and let me know.
Much love, S 💋 xo